Antalya Province is located on the Mediterranean coast of south-west Turkey, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean sea, and is the centre of Turkey's tourism industry. It had a shoreline of 657 km with beaches, ports, and ancient cities scattered throughout.
Antalya is the fastest-growing province in Turkey, due to a fast rate of urbanization, particularly driven by tourism & other service sectors on the coast.
The city and the province are named after Attalos II, king of Pergamon, who founded the city in the 2nd century BC.
• The coastal districts are; Antalya, Gazipaşa, Alanya, Manavgat, Serik, Kemer, Kumluca, Finike, Kale and Kaş.
• The inland districts are high in the Taurus Mountains, at elevations approx 900-1000 m above sea level. These are; Gündoımuş, Akseki, ıbradı, Korkuteli and Elmalı.The land of the province is 77.8% mountain, 10.2% plain and 12% uneven. Many of the peaks of the Taurus mountains are above 2500-3000 metres. The Teke peninsula in the west includes wide plateaus and river basins. Climate, agriculture, demographics and habitation patterns differ greatly between the inland mountain areas and the coastal plain.
Summers in Antalya are hot and rainless while the other months are warm and often rainy; mean annual temperature is 18.7 °C. On average there is no rain for 309.5 days a year. It is very rare for the temperature to drop below zero. During the last 40 years the highest recorded temperature was 44.6 °C. In Antalya the average humidity rate is 64%. The sea temperatures are 17.6 °C in January, 18.0 °C in April, 27.7 °C in August and 24.5 °C in September.
Antalya, the capital city of Antalya Province, has a population of over a million but reaches up to two million in summers at the height of tourism season.
Situated on a steep cliff over the Mediterranean, Antalya city is surrounded by mountains. Developments in tourism, starting in the 1970s, have transformed the city into an international resort and a gateway for many historical sites. With palm-lined boulevards, a picturesque marina and the old town of Kaleiçi, the city is a major attraction.
Antalya city corresponds to the lands of ancient Pamphylia to the east and Lycia to the west. Both in and around the city are traces of Lycian,Pamphylian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman architecture and cultures. A large collection of artifacts from these periods is found at the Antalya Archeological Museum.
Atatürk once proclaimed: "Without doubt, Antalya is the most beautiful place in the world."
In the 1st century BC, the Pergamum king Attalos II ordered his men to find "heaven on earth". After discovering Antalya, King Attalos said "This must be Heaven" , and founded the city by naming it "Attaleia" which later became Adalia and then Antalya.
Attalos based his powerful naval fleet in Antalya, and the city grew and prospered in the Ancient Roman and Byzantine periods. Christianity started to spread in the region after the 2nd century. Antalya was visited by Paul of Tarsus. St. Paul and St. Barnabas went to Antalya and sailed from there to Antioch after preaching in Pisidia and Pamphylia. The city later became a naval base for the Christian Crusades against the Muslims in the Levant and in Cyprus.
The city, along with the whole region, was conquered by the Seljuk Turks in the early 13th century.
Kaleici and the Marina
Kaleici, with its narrow cobbled streets of historic Turkish and Greek houses (now restaurants and carpet shops) is the old center of Antalya. Big new hotels (Sheraton, Rixos, etc.) spread along the coast in both directions above the Konyaalti and Lara beaches.
The tree-lined avenue along the cliff-tops, Konyaalti Caddesi, is one of Antalya's best-known locations, lined with luxury apartments and shops. The other major shopping street is Işiklar Caddesi, which runs from Kaleici to Lara.
The historical center of the city; now restored as the touristic centre of the city with its hotels, bars, clubs, restaurants, and shopping. Kaleici retains much of its historical character and the restoration won the Golden Apple Prize, the Oscar of tourism.
The award-winning Antalya Kaleiçi Marina and Leisure Center is considered one of the loveliest marinas in Turkey. This center can well meet every tourist's need worth its many souvenir shops, friendly cafes and restaurants as well as yacht moorings and services. Sail in the morning and enjoy the restful peace of the marina in the afternoon.